To cite robustbase in publications use:

To cite package ‘robustbase’ in publications use:

Maechler M, Rousseeuw P, Croux C, Todorov V, Ruckstuhl A, Salibian-Barrera M, Verbeke T, Koller M, Conceicao EL, Anna di Palma M (2024). robustbase: Basic Robust Statistics. R package version 0.99-2,

To cite the multivariate class/methods framework use:

Todorov V, Filzmoser P (2009). “An Object-Oriented Framework for Robust Multivariate Analysis.” Journal of Statistical Software, 32(3), 1–47.

Corresponding BibTeX entries:

    title = {robustbase: Basic Robust Statistics},
    author = {Martin Maechler and Peter Rousseeuw and Christophe Croux
      and Valentin Todorov and Andreas Ruckstuhl and Matias
      Salibian-Barrera and Tobias Verbeke and Manuel Koller and Eduardo
      L. T. Conceicao and Maria {Anna di Palma}},
    year = {2024},
    note = {R package version 0.99-2},
    url = {},
    url = {},
    title = {An Object-Oriented Framework for Robust Multivariate
    author = {Valentin Todorov and Peter Filzmoser},
    journal = {Journal of Statistical Software},
    year = {2009},
    volume = {32},
    number = {3},
    pages = {1--47},
    url = {},