Sigminer: Mutational Signature Analysis and Visualization in R logo

CRAN status lifecycle R-CMD-check Closed issues Hits install with bioconda check in Biotreasury

:bar_chart: Overview

The cancer genome is shaped by various mutational processes over its lifetime, stemming from exogenous and cell-intrinsic DNA damage, and error-prone DNA replication, leaving behind characteristic mutational spectra, termed mutational signatures. This package, sigminer, helps users to extract, analyze and visualize signatures from genome alteration records, thus providing new insight into cancer study.

For pipeline tool, please see its co-evolutionary CLI sigflow.

SBS signatures:

Copy number signatures:

DBS signatures:

INDEL (i.e. ID) signatures:

Genome rearrangement signatures:

:airplane: Features

:arrow_double_down: Installation

You can install the stable release of sigminer from CRAN with:

BiocManager::install("sigminer", dependencies = TRUE)

You can install the development version of sigminer from Github with:

remotes::install_github("ShixiangWang/sigminer", dependencies = TRUE)
# For Chinese users, run 
remotes::install_git("", dependencies = TRUE)

You can also install sigminer from conda bioconda channel with

# Please note version number of the bioconda release

# You can install an individual environment firstly with
# conda create -n sigminer
# conda activate sigminer
conda install -c bioconda -c conda-forge r-sigminer

:beginner: Usage

A complete documentation of sigminer can be read online at All functions are well organized and documented at For usage of a specific function fun, run ?fun in your R console to see its documentation.

:paperclip: Citation

If you use sigminer in academic field, please cite one of the following papers.

:arrow_down: Download Stats

:page_with_curl: References

Please properly cite the following references when you are using any corresponding features. The references are also listed in the function documentation. Very thanks to the works, sigminer cannot be created without the giants.

  1. Mayakonda, Anand, et al. “Maftools: efficient and comprehensive analysis of somatic variants in cancer.” Genome research 28.11 (2018): 1747-1756.
  2. Gaujoux, Renaud, and Cathal Seoighe. “A Flexible R Package for Nonnegative Matrix Factorization.”” BMC Bioinformatics 11, no. 1 (December 2010).
  3. H. Wickham. ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis. Springer-Verlag New York, 2016.
  4. Kim, Jaegil, et al. “Somatic ERCC2 mutations are associated with a distinct genomic signature in urothelial tumors.” Nature genetics 48.6 (2016): 600.
  5. Alexandrov, Ludmil B., et al. “Deciphering signatures of mutational processes operative in human cancer.” Cell reports 3.1 (2013): 246-259.
  6. Degasperi, Andrea, et al. “A practical framework and online tool for mutational signature analyses show intertissue variation and driver dependencies.” Nature cancer 1.2 (2020): 249-263.
  7. Alexandrov, Ludmil B., et al. “The repertoire of mutational signatures in human cancer.” Nature 578.7793 (2020): 94-101.
  8. Macintyre, Geoff, et al. “Copy number signatures and mutational processes in ovarian carcinoma.” Nature genetics 50.9 (2018): 1262.
  9. Tan, Vincent YF, and Cédric Févotte. “Automatic relevance determination in nonnegative matrix factorization with the/spl beta/-divergence.” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 35.7 (2012): 1592-1605.
  10. Bergstrom EN, Huang MN, Mahto U, Barnes M, Stratton MR, Rozen SG, Alexandrov LB: SigProfilerMatrixGenerator: a tool for visualizing and exploring patterns of small mutational events. BMC Genomics 2019, 20:685

:page_facing_up: LICENSE

The software is made available for non commercial research purposes only under the MIT. However, notwithstanding any provision of the MIT License, the software currently may not be used for commercial purposes without explicit written permission after contacting patents’ authors.

Related patents:

MIT © 2019-Present Shixiang Wang, Xue-Song Liu

MIT © 2018 Anand Mayakonda

Sigminer v1-v2 are supported by Cancer Biology Group @ShanghaiTech